A 3D file is a picture of a 3D object. It contains meshes, materials, and lights.
The formal word for the flaw-filled, damaged, distorted appearance of the eye’s lens. It occurs when light does not meet all the same optical specifications when it passes through the lens, like a compromised camera lens or a water-stained window.
The absorbance value of the material is how much it keeps in. Higher absorbance value means that the material keeps more light in
- AC load
An AC load is an electrical load that uses alternating current. It includes every device that plugs into a wall outlet, including TVs, stereos and lights.
- Accent lighting
Sometimes people want to be the center of attention, so they put special lights on themselves or their space and objects
It's like a camera. Its lens changes, and that makes it possible to see a very nearby object as well as a faraway one.
- Active power
Active power is the portion of current, voltage and frequency that actually does work in a circuit. It is equal to the product of current, voltage and power factor.
The eye is able to change its sensitivity over a wide range and adjust to different levels of light. This is achieved by contracting or dilating the pupils, and also by adapting the sensitivity of the retina's rods and cones.
Attaches spotlight or floodlight to track, mechanicaly and electrically
- Additive colour mixing
Additive colour mixing is a form of color mixing that produces light. In additive colour mixing, unlike subtractive color mixing, one adds colours together in order to make new colors. By mixing the three primary colors of light in equal amounts, one produces white light.
An alcove is a small area of a room which is formed by one part of a wall being built further back than the rest of the wall.
- Alternating Current (AC)
An electric current that reverses direction at regular intervals.
- Ambient light
Ambient light creates the right ambiance for your home. The right light, in a smart way gives you more comfort, safety and well-being.
- Ambient Lighting
Ambient lighting is all about creating a cohesive look throughout your home, so you can have a restful night's sleep and wake up feeling refreshed.
The Ammeter is your best friend when it comes to measuring current flow. Linked in series with the circuit under examination, the Ammeter ensures consistent results and guarantees safety.
The ampacity is the maximum electric current that can flow through a conductor without damaging it.
- Ampere (or Amp)
The unit of measure for electrical current.
- Angle of view
The angle from which an object is viewed, measured in degrees.
This highly desirable surface coating is extremely durable and has high (luminous) reflectance. It’s basically an electric-powered way to make things shiny.
- Anti-dazzle cap
Anti-dazzle cap is an attachment for controlling the light from the lamp in the main direction of the beam. The beam is restricted and/or prevented completely.
- Anti-dazzle screen
Anti-dazzle attachment to improve visual comfort. The cross baffle partially conceals the reflector and the lamp.
- Apparent power
The product of the voltage and current in an AC circuit. It is a measure of the total power being drawn from the utility company, whether or not that power is being effectively used.
- Architectural lighting
Lighting systems that require special attention to design and engineering. The resulting light is not just decorative but functional; designed in conjunction with the architectural design.
A B Corp is a for-profit company with a societal or environmental mission at the core of its DNA.
- Backyard lights
Backyard lights is an outdoor light fixture that casts a soft glow in the garden, bursting their golds and greens into life. These lights are usually used as accent or pathway lights to give safe and easy access to any part of your lawn.
Ballast is the term used to describe electrical devices that control the flow of current in discharge lamps. A ballast can be an inductive, electronic or magnetic device. It limits the current going through the lamp and improves lamp life by reducing wattage wastage. Ballasts may come with an ignitor or starting device for inefficient lighting.
Term used to describe rectangular anti-dazzle screens used predominantly with stage projectors
- Bathroom LED Lights
Bathroom LED lights can be used for mood lighting, as well as for functional tasks, ensuring that everything is illuminated in your bathroom.
- Bathroom light fixtures
The ultimate in bathroom lighting, the system combines ambient and task light sources to provide the flexibility to create the desired lighting scene: a bathroom that is warm and inviting, but not overly bright.
- Batwing characteristics
Light intensity distribution curve of a luminaire with especially wide-angled light intensity distribution characteristics. The name is derived from the batwing shape of the light intensity distribution curve.
- Biological needs
Lighting concepts for the biological needs must meet several basic human needs to be effective. Specifically, lighting concepts for the biological needs need to provide enough light so that people can see what they are doing. This allows them to perform tasks correctly and safely, provides spatial orientation, reduces accidents and supports personal growth by allowing for good performance.
- Bollard Lighting
Bollards are lights that you see in the sidewalk on a street to give light to the ground.
The brilliance effect produces a rich, sparkling shine on glossy surfaces or transparent materials. Brilliance is produced by the reflection of the light source or the light being refracted; it is produced by compact, point light sources.
A unit of light intensity that is universally used to measure the brightness of a light source. 1 Candela is equal to one candle measured at a distance of 1 m.
- Capacitive load
A capacitive load uses capacitance to transfer energy, such as fluorescent lamps and electric motors. This type of load creates a current that is directly proportional to the product of the applied voltage and frequency.
A device that stores an electric charge. It is used to hold a charge in an electrical circuit.
- Carbon Neutral
It means to do things that don't make the air dirty. This includes burning wood instead of coal, and planting trees to clean the air.
- Casambi Control
You can use Casambi to control lights when you're at home or away.
- Central Field of Vision
The central field of vision is the part of your visual field that you can see straight ahead without moving your eyes. This area is used in your everyday life and it has the same significance as a working plane since you use it in day-to-day tasks such as driving, writing and reading. The peripheral or surrounding field is everything that lies outside of the central field of vision.
- Circadian Lighting
Circadian lighting sends signals to the master clock in the brain, telling our bodies when it is daytime and when it is night.
A circuit is a single loop of electrical flow. Your lighting, for example, is on one electrical circuit, whereas your air conditioning is on another. When electricity is flowing and has completed a circuit, it powers things (such as your light bulb). When you get an electrical shock, you do in fact complete the circuit, which is why electricians who operate on high-voltage wires don’t receive a shock.
- Circuit breaker
A device that interrupts the flow of current in an electrical circuit in order to protect against overloads and short circuits.
- Circular Economy
A Circular Economy is a new way to do business that helps the planet by reusing things rather than throwing them away.
- Colour Adaptation
Light adaptation is a feature of ocular physiology that allows the retina to adjust to a wide range of luminous colors. This adjustment allows us to see vaguely illuminated objects fairly well, even in the absence of light.
- Colour Changing Light
LED light bulbs can change color. They come in different shapes and sizes, and you can use them with smart technology things.
- Colour Perception
Humans perceive color because of the varying sensitivity of light receptors in the retina to different wavelengths of light.
- Colour Rendering
The colour rendering index Ra is the dimensionless quantity that describes the quality of colour rendering. The higher the number is, the better the light source is able to reproduce colours.
- Colour Rendering Index (CRI)
CRI means colors look better under some lights than others. It's what people used to use to decide which kind of lightbulb to buy.
- Colour Spectrum
The colour spectrum is the collection of colours of different wave lengths that are produced when light is dispersed by a prism. The place where the most intense peaks occur in this spectrum is known as the spectrum band.
- Colour temperature
The colour temperature of a light source is a measure of the colour of its light. Described in degrees Kelvin, this informs you how much "warming" or "cooling" effect a light source will have on objects, people and your surroundings.
- Compact fluorescent lamp
Fluorescent lamps with especially compact dimensions due to a combination of several short discharge tubes or one curved discharge tube. Compact fluorescent lamps are single-ended lamps; starters, and sometimes also ballasts, can be integrated into the cap
Low power factor of discharge lamps combined with the inductive ballasts leads to a large amount of current which does not contribute to light output and is therefore called blind current. Power supply companies require the use of power factor correction capacitors to compensate this effect. The costs involved in these additional components must be taken into consideration when choosing an induction ballast.
- Concealed Lighting
Concealed lighting can be defined as lighting systems where the sources are concealed from view by the fabric of the building and they are generally thought of as a way of providing indirect lighting to walls or ceilings.
A material through which electric current may flow freely. Metals, such as copper and aluminium, have a low resistance level. Copper and aluminium wire are the most frequent conductors.
The covering that electrical wires are hidden in is referred to as the conduit. When electrical wires must be outside of your house or workplace, these are used. They add another layer of protection for the wires and people nearby from harm. Conduit is also used when internal access to walls isn’t possible, like on the lower floor of a two-storey house.
The ability to distinguish the constant qualities of objects from changes in the environment, such as distance, position within space and lighting.
- Constant Current LED Driver
Without constant current LED power supplies, a lot of LEDs can't work well.
Difference in the luminance or colour of two objects or one object and its surroundings. The lower the contrast level, the more difficult the visual task
- Contrast rendition
The contrast rendition factor is the ratio of luminance contrast of the visual task under given lighting conditions to that under reference lighting conditions.
- Control gear
Control gear is where it all happens. It's the equipment required in addition to the actual light source for its operation. Ballasts, ignitors and transformers are typical examples of control gear.
Convergence describes the alignment of the optical axes of the eyes to an object. In normal vision your eyes are converged when looking at objects at a distance similar to that of houses in the background, meeting at an angle when looking at something right in front of you like a computer monitor or face.
- Coolbeam reflector
Cool beam reflectors are made from highly polished aluminum, or glass coated on one side with dichroic material. This can either be infrared reflective, or transparent to visible light and shiny on the backside. As a result, the heat generated by light is reflected away from the object and toward the ceiling.
- Corridor lighting
Corridor lights are a unique solution for providing orientation and welcome lighting in areas where safety, security and quality of light is paramount.
Architectural element on the ceiling or wall that can accommodate luminaires (usually fluorescent lamps or high-voltage fluorescent tubes) for indirect lighting
- Cove Lighting
The Cove lighting is a very popular form of indirect lighting, where light is directed up towards the ceiling and down adjacent walls. Cove lights are typically used as primary light in a room and can also be used for aesthetic accenting to highlight decorative ceilings.
- Cove reflector
The Cove reflector is a sophisticated tool used to shape the light of a linear light source. Its parabolic shape and its well-defined cross-section allow it to be set up at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the light source, where its refractive power ensures an ideal lighting effect
The movement of an electric charge through a conductor. The flow of water in a pipe may be compared to an electric current. Amperes are the unit of measurement for electrical currents.
- Cut-off angle (lamp)
The cut-off angle of a luminaire is the angle above which direct reflection from the light source is no longer visible in the reflector. In most cases, this is identical to the cut-off angle of the lamp.
The shift from zero volts to a positive peak, to a negative peak, and then back to zero.
- DALI Driver
It is like the language robots use to talk to each other when they want lights on or off.
With daylight, you get the best of both words. It's a blend of natural lighting and artificial lighting that keeps your plants healthy and growing.
- Daylight factor
Daylight factor is a calculation that determines how much daylight illuminates a space and measures how well the lighting integrates with the daylight.
- Daylight simulator
The Daylight simulator is a piece of technical equipment that simulates sunlight and daylight. It provides a brighter, more usable light than an ordinary fluorescent lamp.
- DC load
An electrical load that uses direct current.
- Decorative lighting
Decorative lighting is the fourth layer of interior illumination and, simply put, it is like jewelry for the home: it helps your space sparkle and shine. Accessorize your house and bring out its best features by adding decorative lighting fixtures.
- Demand factor
A measure of how the loads on a system vary over time. It is the ratio of the maximum demand to the average load.
- Dichroic reflector
A Dichroic reflector is used primarily as coolbeam reflectors, reflecting visible light and transmitting infrared radiation. They are also used for inverse effect outer envelopes on lamps to increase the temperature of the lamp (hot mirror).
- Diffuse light
Diffused light is soft light, even and free of hot spots, This can be achieved by using one or several diffused lights together to give a perpetual-even glow.
- Dimmable led strip lights
Change the mood of your room with dimmable LED Strip Lights. These lights are specially designed to be dimmed by an external (separate) dimmer, allowing you to customize your lighting in any way you like.
- Dimmable Light Switch
A device that allows a person to control the brightness of a light.
Dimmers are a device used to control the luminous intensity of lights. The most common LED dimmers are phase-cutting dimmers.
All phase-cutting dimmers work by switching the AC mains supply to the LED lamp on and off twice in every mains cycle. This has the effect of reducing the flow of electrical energy to the LED lamp or fixture, so reducing its light output.
A two-terminal device that allows current to flow in one direction only. When the anode is positive in relation to the cathode, diodes enable current to flow.
- Direct Current (DC)
An electric current that flows in one direction only.
- Directed light
This type of light has a single emission angle. By controlling the direction of emitted light, you can create modelling and brilliance effects that are used to achieve various specifications and architectural effects.
- Directional Strip Lighting
These lights will send a beam of light in a specific direction and are ideal for highlighting architectural details.
- Diversity factor
A measure of how well the loads on a system are distributed. It is the ratio of the sum of the individual loads to the maximum demand.
A light fixture that hangs in the ceiling and sends light down.
- Dynamic Tunable White Lighting
Dynamic White lighting systems provide full control of your LED lighting system and allow for a dynamic range of effects. By imitating the sun and circadian rhythm, Dynamic white can be used for creative impact and to enhance well-being.
- Electric Shock
Someone can get electricuted when they touch electricity.
- Electrical current
Electrical current is the flow of electrons through a conductor. It is measured in amperes (Amps).
- Electrical plan
The electrical plan is the depiction of your desired circuit or electrical system. It shows how everything will fit together, including wiring, lighting and appliances.
- Electrical surge
Electrical surges are a kind of electricity that can get really big really fast.
A tiny particle that revolves around the atom’s nucleus. It is charged negatively with electricity.
- Energy Efficient Lights
Some lights that use too much electricity are being replaced by other lights that use less electricity.
EULUMDAT is a data file format used for specifying how lamp light looks, so people can see what kind of light a lamp will give off.
The amount of light that is visible to a person. Exposure, generally expressed in Lux (lx), is the product of the illuminance and the time it is being illuminated.
The eye is a sensory organ, composed of an optical system (the cornea and lens), a pulsating muscle controlled by the iris and two types of receptors (rods and cones) which transmit incoming light patterns to the brain via optic fiber bundles.
- Facade lighting
Facade lighting is a lighting technique and design to expose the beauty of the facade of a building, house or structure. There are 2 (two) types of facade lighting, natural lighting and artificial lighting.
Fascias are detachable covers for the front of a light. They can be used to protect the cone from dirt and damage, but also if you want your light to have a certain look.
The light was moving in a fast back and forth way like a group of kids running around. The dictionary says it is also called flickering.
A Flood is a type of light fixture that provides wide-beam illumination to enable the user to see objects over a wide area.
- Floor plan
A floor plan is a scale diagram or draft of a building's internal layout, used for planning and to help visualize the planned design.
A fluorescence substance is a chemical that absorbs ultraviolet, visible or infrared radiation, and subsequently emits light of a longer wavelength. Fluorescence is excited by means of radiation and made to produce light. The wavelength of the emitted light is always greater than the excitation wavelength.
- Fluorescent lamp
A fluorescent lamp is a low-pressure gas-discharge lamp that uses a fluorescent material to produce visible light.
- Flush ceiling lights
Flush mount lighting sits directly against the ceiling and shines light downward. Because there's no space between the ceiling and the light itself, flush mount lights are ideal in rooms with shorter ceilings and for keeping dust and debris away from the bulb and shade.
- Focal glow
Focal glow provides enough light to see details in darker areas, but lets the background remain in the shadows. The result is a dramatic effect that draws attention to what's important in an image.
The number of times a current moves back and forth each second. A current that moves 60 times per second has a frequency of 60 Hz.
- Full-load current
The amount of electrical current needed to run a device at full load. Your electronics consume more power when they are working hard than when they’re just ‘jumping around’.
- Full Spectrum Light
A full spectrum light is just a special kind of light that comes from a light bulb. It has different colors than a normal light.
- Functional requirements
Functional requirements are based on the visual tasks that need to be performed, such as reading or sewing. The aim is to create optimum perceptual conditions for all activities that are to be performed in a specific area.
Fuses are small but mighty. When too much current is passing through a device, fuses are designed to melt and stop the flow of electric current.
- Fused Spurs
Fused spurs are electrical switches that feature a separate fuse, which protects against shocks and electrical fires by breaking the connection in the event of excessive current.
- Gallery lighting
Gallery lighting typically the best option for art lighting thanks to their superior color rendering capabilities. LED lights mimic the properties of sunlight, specifically CRI and light color temperature.
- Garden spike lights
Garden spike lights are extremely useful and a cost-effective way to light up shrubs and pathways.
- Gas light
Gas lights were the first commercially successful, high-intensity electric lights. An early form of lighting using a bare gas flame, ignited by an electric current, to produce light and heat.
- General lighting
Ambient lighting is the type of lighting that fills a room with a soft glow and gives the room a sense of space, without defining any specific visual task.
- Gestalt (form) perception
Our visual system searches to satisfy expectations that are built into our brain. A good example of this is the Gestalt effect: we perceive a group of random dashes as a group, not as individual elements. This works well in many situations, but it makes things like optical illusions so effective as well.
- Gimbal Trim or Gimbal Lights
These lights can move to shine light in the direction you want it. They are useful in the places on sloped ceilings.
Glare is the degradation of visual performance or the subjective disturbance felt by perceivers caused by excessive levels of luminance or luminance contrast in a visual environment. It can be divided into physiological glare, which is objective and not dependent on contrast, and discomfort glare, which involves a subjective disturbance factor arising from the incongruity of luminance and information content.
Grounding is the most important concept in electrical safety. It’s what keeps you safe from electric shock if something goes wrong with an electrical object or system. Any two exposed metal parts of an appliance or tool must be grounded, so current can’t reach you.
- Ground Fault Interrupt
Meet the savior of your life. The Ground Fault Interrupt (GFI) socket will automatically shut off its circuit when it detects a ground fault and alert you of a problem to prevent shock.
- Hall Lighting
They are mounted either on the walls or the ceiling and radiate their light diffusely in all directions. This means that people cannot be dazzled by the light.
- Halogen lamp
Compact incandescent lamp with additional halides in the gas compound, which prevents deposits of the evaporated filament material forming on the outer envelope. In contrast to general service lamps, halogen lamps have increased luminous efficacy and a longer service life
Hertz is the unit of frequency measurement. It was formerly used to mean cycles per second, but it has been replaced by this term.
- Hidden Lighting
Hidden lighting is when you don't know where the light is coming from.
- Home Automation
You can connect your house to the Internet. Then you can control your home with an app on your phone.
- Human Centric Lighting
Lighting can help people feel healthier and more comfortable. If a room has the right kind of light, it can help people work better and more comfortably.
- IC Rating
The acronym IC stands for Insulation Contact. An IC rating, as a result, is essentially a measurement to determine if a downlight is suitable and safe to come in contact with insulation or not.
- IES file
IES files are three dimensional representations of the intensity of light between points on a spherical grid.
- IFTTT (If this, Then That)
IFTTT is a software platform for connected devices. The company's name comes from programming code. It works with many companies to connect their devices and make them work better.
- Ik rating
It's like a rating system to show how strong something is. It's a standard used by different countries.
Illuminance is the measure of light intensity on a surface. While luminous flux relates to the total amount of light emitted, illuminance only refers to the intensity on a particular area.
An iron core is encircled by a coil of wire. The inductance is directly proportional to the number of turns in the coil.
- Inductive load
Inductive load is a type of electrical load that uses inductance. Inductive loads include motors and transformers, but not resistive loads, like incandescent light bulbs or electric heaters.
The inductance of an inductor is directly proportional to the number of turns in the coil.
A material in which the electric current does not flow freely. Insulation materials, such as glass, rubber, air, and many polymers, have quite a high resistance. Insulators safeguard equipment and life from electricity shocks by preventing contact with live parts.
Interference is a phenomenon which occurs when two or more waves interact with each other. The interference of two waves can be constructive or destructive, depending on the phase difference between them – this determines whether the peaks of one wave coincide with the troughs of another to produce a greater combined amplitude (constructive interference), or whether they cancel each other out completely (destructive interference). Interference results in a range of effects including beat frequency, standing waves and diffraction.
- Interference filters
A filter is a device that modifies the properties of a light source, or the light itself. The reason for using a filter is often to make it easier to acquire a desired exposure level.
- Ip rating
Ingress Protection (IP) rating is an international standard that indicates the level of protection against the intrusion of solid objects and water.
- Isoluminance diagram
The isoluminance diagram is a two-dimensional plot of luminance versus retinal illuminant angle recording the brightness of colors on a particular background.
- Isolux diagram
This diagram illustrates the horizontal and vertical components of illuminance on a plane. The values can be measured in lux units to illustrate just how much light is present.
Joists are the workhorses of the building industry. They keep your deck and roof in place, support your walls and foundations, and provide stability no matter what size or shape they take.
The Kelvin scale has a unit of temperature too. That unit is called a kelvin (no capital letter K in kelvin).
- Kilovolt-ampere (kVA)
A unit of electrical power equal to one thousand volt-amperes.
- Kilowatt-hour (kWh)
The product of kW and hours. It is equivalent to 1000 Watt-hours. If a 100W light bulb is utilized for 4 hours, 0.4 kWh of energy will be consumed (100W x 1kW / 1000 Watts). Electrical energy is sold in kilowatt-hour (kWh) units.
- Kilowatt (kW)
A unit of power equal to one thousand watts.
- Kitchen Lights
The kitchen lights are powerful enough to illuminate the entire area and works great as task lights.
- Kitchen strip lights
Kitchen Strip lights provide a more even source of light, making them perfect for illuminating wide counters. You can get strip lighting in a variety of colours, so they can easily add an element of fun and uniqueness to your kitchen.
- Lambertian radiator
This is a type of light which is the most diffused and has an even light tone. The Lambertian radiator is usually used in light bulbs to provide even and uniform illumination.
A curve that describes the distribution of light through a lens, typically when a single pixel of an image is shown on the screen.
- Lead-lag circuit
A circuit that uses two out-of-phase devices, such as lamps or motors to improve power factor. The wiring of an inductive fluorescent lamp in parallel with an over-compensated fluorescent lamp can cause the phase difference between the two appliances to be small and thereby improve the overall circuit's power factor.
- Leading edge dimming
The leading edge dimming of light control system is to reduce the power to the lamps in series, at the same time, use a variable resistor as a control signal.
- LED Aluminum Profile
LEDs are used to light up buildings. These LEDs are usually housed and protected in profiles, which are made of aluminum. The profiles come in many different shapes, sizes and depths.
- LED Driver
The LED driver is a self-contained power supply which has outputs that are matched to the electrical characteristics of the LED(s).
- LED Extrusion
A long thin piece of metal can be used to hold some lights inside of it, and the metal is usually made of aluminum.
- LED Grow Light
LED lights help plants grow with the right colors in the right amounts.
- LED lights
LED lights emit light when an electrical current passes through them. They are more energy efficient and more durable than traditional light bulbs, and can be made in a wide range of colors.
- Led Strip Light Channel
LED Strip Channels, are a great way to protect and direct the light of your LED Strip Lights. They are ideal for both indoor and outdoor living. These channels are made of durable aluminum material that can be used for either ambient lighting or general illumination.
- LED Strip Lights
LED strip lights are LED lights that you can stick almost anywhere to add powerful lighting in a variety of colors and brightnesses.
- LED strip lights for stairs
LED strip lights offer a sleek and contemporary alternative to traditional light fixtures. LED strips illuminate the stairs better than traditional top lighting, making individual stair steps more visible to people moving on them.
- Light Beam
A light beam is a directional projection of light energy radiating from a light source. Sunlight forms a light beam (a sunbeam) when filtered through media such as clouds or foliage.
- Light control
An often overlooked aspect of luminaire design, light control can make all the difference in a commercial space. Reflectors and lenses used in lighting systems have a big effect on the way we use light - from large architectural projects like concert halls to smaller areas like offices.
- Light fastness
Light fastness (light resistance) is a measure of the light-induced colour change, fading, or bleaching of a dyed textile; an indication of how much time it will take for its colour to be affected by exposure to light.
- Light loss factor
The light loss factor, often referred to as ‘the conversion factor’, quantifies the reduction in performance of a lighting installation due to the ageing of lamps and luminaires.
- Light Pollution
Light pollution is the disruption of natural light patterns, creating a loss of ecologic biodiversity, hazard to wildlife and human health,erosion of societal quality of life,as well as wasted energy.
- Light Therapy
It's like doing medical therapy, but instead of doing it with medicine, you do it with lights.
- Lighting control
Lighting control allows you to control the lights in your space with greater accuracy and efficiency. For example, you can schedule the lights to dim when you go to bed, or turn on when you get home before you even get into the door.
- Linear Lights
They have long lights so the light can spread out over a wider area.
LitG is the German Lighting Engineering Society, founded in 1903. It is an organization for international cooperation between lighting engineers and practitioners. LitG awards a prize for the most promising concept in lighting design every year, and publishes relevant material on lighting technology.
- Load factor
This measures the ratio of the average load to the maximum demand.
- Louvred luminaire
A luminaire designed for linear fluorescent lamps, frequently equipped with specular, prismatic or anti-dazzle louvres.
- Low-pressure sodium lamp
Low-pressure sodium lamps are a type of streetlight. They produce yellow light and do not emit ultraviolet or infrared radiation, making them difficult to illuminate with other types of light sources.
- Low-voltage halogen lamp
A low-voltage halogen lamp is an extremely compact tungsten halogen lamp operated on low voltage (usually 6, 12 or 24 V). They are frequently used for applications that require long life, high efficacy and a high color rendering index.
- Luminaire classification
Luminaire classification is a classification system for luminaires in the form of lamps, tubes and incandescent lamp that are used to illuminate an area. The first letter indicates whether the luminaire emits light upwards or downwards.
- Luminaire light output ratio
A ratio of the luminous flux emitted by a luminaire to the luminous flux of the lamp. It relates to the actual lamp lumens in the luminaire, and is measured as a percentage.
Luminance is the amount of light emitted from a source, measured in candles per square foot or candelas per square meter. In other words, it’s one way to measure brightness.
- Luminance limiting method
A method for evaluating the potential glare of a luminaire using different beam spreads. The luminance of the luminaire with different beam spreads is entered into a diagram, in which it must not exceed the luminance limit for required glare classification.
Luminescence is a term used to describe the phenomenon of light emission. Luminescence can be caused by chemical reactions, physical changes, or electrical properties. These processes can be divided into thermal and nonthermal luminescence.
- Luminous colour
There is a unique set of colours that can be perceived by the human eye. These colours are called 'luminous' colours and are grouped together in the standard colourimetric system, with each lumi- nous colour being given x and y coordinates as chromacity coordinates. In addition, warm white (ww), neutral white (nw) and daylight white (dw) luminous colours have their own specified temperature value - a 'colour temperature' TF
- Luminous efficacy
The luminous efficacy is a measure of how well a lamp converts electricity into light. The lamps, which have the highest luminous efficacy are called high-efficiency bulbs.
- Luminous flux
Luminous flux is the total amount of light emitted by a light source.
- Luminous intensity
A measure of the total amount of light emitted by a source and per unit solid angle.
- Luminous intensity distribution curve
It is the curve that shows how much light a light bulb makes in every direction. It is important when designing the light of spaces like offices and theaters.
- Maintenance factor
The reciprocal value of the light loss factor is called the maintenance factor. The value is a decimal instead of a percentage, because to find it, you have to set up and solve an equation.
- Maximum demand
The greatest amount of power that is consumed in a given period of time.
- Melanopic Lux
Light is measured in a new way called Equivalent Melanopic Lux. It's a better way of measuring it based on how the eye actually works, not just what it can see.
- Mesopic vision
The range of light intensity in which we see a combination of cones and rods in our eyes.
- Mode of Protection
Protection against ingress of water is rated for the type of liquid, e.g., water, rain, spray, and also for temperature conditions within a certain range.
The emphasis on three-dimensional forms and surface structures can be explained by the term shadow formation. This term is used in modeling language to describe the use of light from point sources.
- Modular luminaires
Luminaires designed to take tubular fluorescent lamps, with some or all of their sides covered with a transparent louvre.
- Monochromatic light
Monochromatic light is the purest form of light. It has a very narrow spectrum and therefore offers the best possible color rendition and visual acuity.
- Mood Lighting
Mood lighting creates the perfect ambiance for many occasions. It’s a great way to add style and drama to your design, complement your existing fixtures, and set a distinct mood.
- Negative Voltage
The measurement of potential or energy. The higher the negative voltage, the more electrons that become available.
The unit of measure for electrical resistance.
- Ohm’s Law
The mathematical equation that connects current, voltage, and resistance (V = IR).
- Open Circuit
When a circuit is disrupted, such as by a broken wire or an open switch, cutting the current flow through the system, an open or open-circuit condition arises. It’s comparable to closing a water valve in a water network.
- Optical fibres, fibre optic system
Use of light guides to convey light is the preferred method for applications requiring the transport of light around corners, bends and similar obstacles.
- Outdoor Lights
Outdoor lights are the perfect fix for lighting up your yard, driveway, and garden. They make great additions to decks, patios and walkways making them safe for nighttime use.
- Oyster Light
Oyster lights are a type of ceiling light that are easy to attach to the ceiling. They can make the ceilings look higher than they really are.
- Parallel Circuit
An electrical circuit with numerous routes for electricity to flow. Each load is connected in a separate route, so each receives the whole circuit voltage and the overall circuit current is equal to the sum of the branch currents.
- Path Lights
Sometimes it's hard to see in the dark, especially if you have to walk in a park or a forest. PathLighting makes it easier to see where you're going on the ground by putting pools of light on the ground for you to see.
When it comes to decorating a room, there are certain things that can instantly make it feel different. For example, pelmets can be used above a window or door to hide the top of your curtains and give that room a little something extra!
- Pendant lights
A light fixture that is suspended from the ceiling. Unlike chandeliers, pendant lights are hung as individual fixtures and can be used individually or in multiples
- Perceptual physiology
The field of perception studies how the brain receives and processes information from the senses. It’s our brains that make sense of the information, giving us both shape and color.
- Phase Dimming
Phase dimming is a smart way to save electricity. The electricity comes in as a wave. Phase dimming cuts the power out of one part of the wave.
Light meters are a tool that allows you to measure the light in your environment. They measure lumens, which can be used to figure out if a room is properly lit or if you need to dim the lights for movie night.
- Photometric distance of tolerance
The photometric distance of tolerance must be at least ten times the maximum diameter of the lamp or lumi- naire; in the case of optical systems the photometric distance of tolerance is esta- blished by experimentation
- Photopic vision
Also known as "daylight vision", this is a type of visual perception that occurs via light-receptors in the eyes during or when exposed to light. This type of vision is dependent on the cones of your retina, which are concentrated around the fovea.
Plasterboard, also known as gypsum board or wallboard, is a composite panel made of gypsum plaster and paper or fabric facing. It is used as a building material for interior walls, ceilings, and floors.
- Play of brilliance
The play of brilliance is the decorative application of light, whether it be a chandelier or a candle flame. It's like a special touch that you can add to any event (from weddings to parties).
- Point illuminance
Point illuminance expresses the actual illuminance at a specific point within a space. Average illuminance is an average of the illuminance levels in the entire space
- Point light source
The most desirable light source of all times, point light source is bright and easily adjustable, so you can focus the beam onto your subject no matter where or how it moves without fighting the distance.
The positive and negative ends of a magnet or electrical mechanism, such as a coil or battery, are referred to as the poles.
- Power factor
The power factor is the ratio of real power in watts to apparent power in volt amperes (VA) or kilovolt amperes (kVA).
- Power factor correction
In many cases, power factor correction is a simple way of increasing the amount of energy you can harvest from your solar panels by converting the worst case scenario (where you are drawing high voltage and low current), into something better suited for harvesting.
- Power for 3 phase
Three-phase power is electricity that changes its direction three times. In a home you usually have one of those. In a big, roomy building they usually have three of those.
- Power ripple
The Ripple, a power supply that keeps you safe from harmful AC power, delivering clean, safe and constant DC voltage to your devices.
- Power surge
A power surge is when there is an unexpected short burst of electricity. It usually happens when the electrical grid is overtaxed.
- Prismatic louvre
Prismatic louvre is a light diffuser and heat insulator that gives a stylish look to your home, office and restaurant. It's made of high-quality acrylic and can also be used as a decorative element.
- Protection class
Classification of luminaires with regard to the rate of protection provided against electric shock
R9 is the pure red measurement in light. It is a key colour to making natural materials, food and people look lively. The measure is out of 100, normally LEDs range from 20-80 R9. Brightgreen Tru-Colour 4 score is a perfect 100/100
The Re-ignition lamp is a classic function of your light switches. When you turn the light on and off again after a specific time, it is being restarted by its ignitor. This process can be accelerated by modern high-voltage ignitors.
- Reactive power
Reactive power is the portion of apparent power that is required to maintain the magnetic field in an AC circuit and which does not work.
- Reflected ceiling plan
Reflected ceiling plan provides a perspective view of the ceiling from above, giving an overview of how many lights, chandeliers and other fixtures are installed on the ceiling.
The reflection factor of a material is the ratio of the reflected light to the incident light and gives an idea of the ability of a material to redirect light. The higher the reflection factor, the stronger is its ability to reflect light.
A reflector is a device used for lighting. This thing has a special shape to gather light from another source. Some specialize in collecting the light form a particular direction, or a point source of light.
Light shines like a rainbow as it goes through glass. The light bends different amounts in different kinds of glass. That is called refraction.
- Refraction of light
The bending of light as it passes from one material to another. The refraction of different parts of the spectrum to different degrees gives rise to the formation of colour spectra."
Relay is a small electrical coil switch that uses a small current to control a much larger current. It's like using the remote control to turn on your television.
The force exerted on a magnetic circuit in a magnetic field. It is measured by the force required to move a compass over the circuit.
The opposition to the passage of an electric current. Electrical resistance is comparable to water’s friction while flowing through a pipe. Resistance is measured in ohms.
- Resistive load
A type of electrical load that offers resistance to the flow of current, such as heaters and incandescent light bulbs.
Reflection in rectangular reflector systems (triple mirrors) or transparent spheres, by which the light is reflected parallel to the incident light.
- Revit - BIM
Revit is a building information modeling (BIM) program by Autodesk that is used to create 3D building designs for floor plans, elevations and sections.
- RGB Strip Lights
Strip lights can change colors and produce white light. Colors are made by mixing the colors red, blue and green. The strips are a rectangular shape with small lights inside them.
- Room index
The room index helps you easily visualize the geometry of a room to ensure correct illuminance measurements.
- SAD Lamp
SAD lamps are used by people who are sad during the winter. They can also be used to help people who have trouble sleeping and to help people adjust when they travel.
Scallops are produced by grazing wall lighting from downlights, which produces a beautiful texture that resembles a shell found on natural walls in nature.
- Scotopic vision
Scotopic Vision is your ability to see in the dark. It's strictly for darks and my dear ones, not for sunny days.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Some people get depressed when the days get shorter and colder. This happens at the same time every year. If you are one of these people, you have Seasonal Affective Disorder.
- Secondary reflector technology
The Secondary Reflector technology allows you to direct, or not direct light into a specific area, increasing your control and flexibility over the light output.
- Service Box
This is the main electrical panel that contains all of the fuses, as well as more contemporary circuit breakers and distributes electricity throughout your house. Every circuit in your home should begin and end here. This is also known as the service panel or fuse box, although modern ones do not have actual fuses.
- Shadow formation
A measure of how well a lighting system models the space it is illuminating. Modelling can be described as the ratio of average vertical illuminance (cylindrical) to the horizontal illuminance at a given point in the space.
- Single-phase load
An electrical load that uses only one phase of the AC power supply.
Skirting is a wooden board that is placed along the base of walls. As building materials and styles have changed, skirting has evolved from simple to decorative.
- Smart Lights
These lights are smarter than regular lights because they contain sensors that can tell when you have turned them on or off. They also connect to other smart devices.
- Smart Strip Lights
A strip light that can change to match your mood sounds amazing. With the Smart Strip Light, you can set it to a color and brightness that matches your style, or go full out and set them all to blink in rainbow! And if you need to move the light around your house, do it with ease by using the app.
SmartThings makes devices that let you control your house just like magic.
- Solid angle
An angular measure that is equal to the ratio of an area on a sphere to the square of its radius. Similar in concept to a solid angle, only without the actual measure of length.
A spectrometer is a scientific instrument used to separate, measure and identify matter by its spectrum. A spectrometer which works with visible light is called a spectroscope. Spectroscopes are used in astronomy, physics, chemistry and industry.
The spectral distribution of a light source is like the luminous color or the color rendering of a light source that depends on the type of light you have.
Spot is a term used to describe the beam of light from a flashlight.
- Spot Lights
Spot Lights shine bright, but not so far. Perfect for illuminating your stage set, or creating a smaller niche in your larger space, these lights are smartly designed to help you light up your performance
- Stair Lights
The stair lights are a perfect way to light up the stairs and step area when you are walking up or down the steps. This stair lighting system allows you to turn on and off each stair individually, thereby creating a better overall ambiance in your home.
- Standard colorimetric system
This is the system for measuring colors with numbers. It will help color scientists to make things look prettier.
A little box used to make lamps light. When you turn on a lamp, the igniter box heats up the lamp so it will light quicker. When the lamp is warm enough, the igniter box stops making heat.
- Strip Lights
A striplight is a type of bright lamp with colored glass in it. The lamps are wired together and put into a unit. Then you can use dimmers (basically switches for lights) to control the color of the lamps.
- Stroboscopic effects
When lights blink fast, it makes it hard for people to drive cars and see where they are going. The faster the lights, the harder it is to see. There's a new way to make lights that don't do that anymore.
- Stud wall
A stud wall comprises a frame of timber or metal studs secured to the floor, ceiling and walls, which is then covered with plasterboard. When you've decorated your new wall, it'll look like an integral part of your house.
- Surge protection
A surge protector is a thing that protects your stuff from going kaput. Without it, your stuff can get messed up if there is a big zap of electricity, bye-bye!
- Surge protection device
Surge protection devices help protect your electronic equipment from the damaging effects of an electrical surge.
- Suspended ceiling
A suspended ceiling is a type of finish in which the ceiling is hung from the ceiling structure of your building. Suspended ceilings are most often used in public and commercial buildings because they can be easily removed and replaced if needed.
- Task Lighting
Task lighting is the obvious solution to your near-sightedness, or lack of concentration. It shines a brilliant, focused beam of light on all your useful stuff, so you can see what you're doing and make it happen.
- Three-phase load
An electrical load that uses all three phases of the AC power supply.
TM-30 is a way to evaluate the color of light sources.
- Track Lights
A track light is a light that moves back and forth, like in a roller coaster.
The ability of a material to allow light to pass through it. This ability is expressed as a percentage, which is defined as the ratio of the amount of light that gets through a material to the amount of light that hits it.
- Ultraviolet Light (UV Light)
UV lights are mostly invisible to the human eye. They make things like black light posters glow. UV light also causes tans and burns. We use it to make food, but too much of it is unhealthy.
- Ultraviolet radiation
Short wave light is invisible radiation. It can fade colors from things like clothing. Wearing sunscreen will keep your clothes from fading. Clothing can be made to protect it from short wave light with chemicals called nylons that act like a sunscreen for clothes.
- Under cabinet led lighting
Enhance your kitchen with under cabinet lighting. Perfect for food preparation, our under counter light creates an ambiance while illuminating dining room tables.
- Unified Glare Rating (UGR)
UGR is a metric that is used to calculate level of glare in certain applications. It will determine how much glare you are exposed to at your desk and make adjustments accordingly.
Utilance is a relation between the light of a luminaire and the room surroundings. It helps to decide, what type of light you want in your home.
- Utilisation factor method
The utilisation factor method of calculating illuminance is based on light output ratio (LOR), the utilizable lumens from the lamps and the ceiling surface area.
- Utilization factor
A measure of how effectively a system is being used. It is the ratio of the maximum demand to the sum of the individual loads.
- UVC Light
Ultraviolet light is used to fight germs. It's better than other methods.
- VDT-approved luminaire
VDT-approved luminaires comprise a complete range of halogen and LED type luminaires, each specially designed for the wide range of applications found in offices equipped with visual display terminals.
- Visible Light Spectrum
The Visible Light Spectrum is the segment of the electromagnetic spectrum that can be viewed by the human eye. The visible light spectrum consists of all light we can see and separates into different colors.
- Visual acuity
The term acuity refers to the ability of the eye to perceive details. It is measured in minutes of arc or degrees. For example, 20/20 vision is equal to 20/10 visual acuity, or having the ability to see something at a distance of twenty feet that an average person with normal vision can see at ten feet away
- Visual comfort
Quality is a measure of how comfortable we feel when we look at lights. Visual comfort is a special kind of quality that experts invented to help us with lighting.
- Visual task
You have to have enough light or the image is hard to see. The harder it is to see, the lower the grade of difficulty for the task.
The unit of measure for electrical potential difference.
- Voltage spike
When an electrical system has a short burst of energy, it is called a voltage spike.
- Wall Lights
A wall light is a special kind of light. It doesn't stand up; it hangs from the wall. It's kind of like a picture frame on the wall, with a light in it.
- Wall Washer
Wall washing is the perfect solution for smooth-walled rooms, making it look like they have been recently painted.
The unit of measure for electrical power.
- Whole House Surge protector
A Home Surge Protection Device, or SPD, is something you can install on your house to protect it from power surges.
- Working plane
The useful working plane is a standardised plane to which illuminances and luminances are related, usually 0.85 m in the case of workplaces and 0.2 m in circulation zones.
Zigbee is a good way to make wireless Internet-things without using a lot of electricity. It uses less electricity than other ways of doing that.
Zoning refers to the division of space into different areas relating to its function.